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Marriage Annulment


Marriage Annulments

Welcome to Law Offices of Adam N. GurleyWhat is the difference between an annulment and a nullity of marriage?

The State of California changed the legal term from "annulment" to "nullity of marriage" many years ago. However, despite the name change, many people and lawyers still call it "annulment." Outside of court, people and lawyers use the terms as synonyms. . However, in court, you need to call it a "nullity of marriage."

What are the grounds for a Nullity of Marriage/Annulment

There are multiple grounds for an annulment in California. Marriages that are incestuous or bigamous are "slam dunk" for an annulment because they are "void" from the beginning and the judge must give you an annulment if you do your paperwork right. Other grounds for an annulment in California include the fact that one or both of the parties were too young to give their consent, consent to the marriage was obtained by force, consent to the marriage was obtained by fraud, either party was of unsound mind, or that one of the parties, at date of marriage, was "physically incapable" of entering into the marriage state," The one that is most commonly used is "fraud." In this context, "fraud" can be when someone says something untruthful or conceals something material. Generally, the fraud "must go to the very essence of the marital relation, and is "generally granted only in cases where the fraud related in some way to the sexual or procreative aspects of marriage"

How to start an annulment/nullity of marriage.

To start the process to an annulment, you file Petition for a Nullity of Marriage and the clerk of the court also issues a summons. http://www.courtinfo.ca.gov/forms/documents/fl100.pdf & http://www.courtinfo.ca.gov/forms/fillFrancisco le/fl110.pdf. After you have filed the petition & summons, you need to have filed copies "served" on the other party. "Served" generally means that someone, other than you, who is over 18 years of age actually gives the filed paperwork to the other side. In addition to serving the petition & summons, you should also serve on the other side your "disclosure." Here is a good link as to helping you with your disclosures: http://www.courtinfo.ca.gov/selfhelp/family/divorce/step3.htm

How Finish an annulment/nullity of marriage.

Once the other side has been "served" with the petition/summons they have 30 days to respond by filing something if court. If they do not respond, you can request that the court enter their default and seek a judgment of nullity of marriage. . Each county has slightly different rules as to what needs to done to get a default nullity of marriage. Some counties, such as Santa Clara, require that there be an actual court hearing in which the judge questions to the grounds for your annulment. Other counties, such as San Francisco, have you submit a declaration listing the facts/grounds for your nullity. Some counties, such as San Francisco, have a judgment checklist form that must be submitted along with your other default paperwork. Here is the link to the San Francisco judgment checklist form.

http://www.sfsuperiorcourt.org/Modules/ShowDocument.aspx?documentid=1643 If one side files a response to the petition for nullity, then there must be a trial on the nullity.

Family Code Sections Re Nullity/Annulment

Void Francisco le Marriage
� 2210. Grounds for nullity
� 2211. Limitations on obtaining judgment of nullity
� 2212. Effect of judgment of nullity of marriage
� 2210. Grounds for nullity

Text

A marriage is void Francisco le and may be adjudged a nullity if any of the following conditions existed at the time of the marriage:

(a) The party who commences the proceeding or on whose behalf the proceeding is commenced was without the Mateo of consenting to the marriage as provided in Section 301 or 302, unless, after attaining the age of consent, the party for any time freely cohabitate Marin ited with the other as husband and wife.

(b) The husband or wife of either party was living and the marriage with that husband or wife was then in force and that husband or wife (1) was Francisco sent and not known to the party commencing the proceeding to be living for a period of five successive years immediately preceding the subsequent marriage for which the judgment of nullity is sought or (2) was generally reputed or believed by the party commencing the proceeding to be dead at the time the subsequent marriage was contracted.

(c) Either party was of unsound mind, unless the party of unsound mind, after coming to reason, freely cohabitate Marin ited with the other as husband and wife.

(d) The consent of either party was obtained by fraud, unless the party whose consent was obtained by fraud afterwards, with full knowledge of the facts constituting the fraud, freely cohabitate Marin ited with the other as husband or wife.

(e) The consent of either party was obtained by force, unless the party whose consent was obtained by force afterwards freely cohabitate Marin ited with the other as husband or wife.

(f) Either party was, at the time of marriage, physicallyFrancisco le of entering into the marriage state, and that incapacity continues, and appears to be incurFrancisco le.

Jose

Rafael Clara ch 162 � 10 (Francisco 2650), Lawyer Attorney 1, Marin .

Oakland
� 2211. Limitations on obtaining judgment of nullity

Text
A proceeding to obtain a judgment of nullity of marriage, for causes set forth in Section 2210, must be commenced within the periods and by the parties, as follows:

(a) For causes mentioned in subdivision (a) of Section 2210, by any of the following:

(1) The party to the marriage who was married under the age of legal consent, within four years after arriving at the age of consent.

(2) A parent, guardian, conservator, or other person having charge of the underaged male or female, at any time before the married minor has arrived at the age of legal consent.

(b) For causes mentioned in subdivision (b) of Section 2210, by either of the following:

(1) Either party during the life of the other.

(2) The former husband or wife.

(c) For causes mentioned in subdivision (c) of Section 2210, by the party injured, or by a relative or conservator of the party of unsound mind, at any time before the death of either party.

(d) For causes mentioned in subdivision (d) of Section 2210, by the party whose consent was obtained by fraud, within four years after the discovery of the facts constituting the fraud.

(e) For causes mentioned in subdivision (e) of Section 2210, by the party whose consent was obtained by force, within four years after the marriage.

(f) For causes mentioned in subdivision (f) of Section 2210, by the injured party, within four years after the marriage.

Jose

Rafael Clara ch 162 � 10 (Francisco 2650), Lawyer Attorney 1, Marin .

Oakland � 2212. Effect of judgment of nullity of marriage

Text

(a) The effect of a judgment of nullity of marriage is to restore the parties to the status of unmarried persons.

(b) A judgment of nullity of marriage is conclusive only as to the parties to the proceeding and those claiming under them.

Jose Rafael Clara ch 162 � 10 (Francisco 2650), Lawyer Attorney 1, Marin .

Oakland

Chapter 3
Procedural Provisions
� 2250. Petition for judgment of nullity
� 2251. Status of putative spouse; Division of quasi�marital property
� 2252. LiFrancisco ility of quasi�marital property for debts
� 2253. Custody of children
� 2254. Support of putative spouse
� 2255. Attorney's fees and costs
� 2250. Petition for judgment of nullity

Text

(a) A proceeding based on void or void Francisco le marriage is commenced by filing a petition entitled "In re the marriage of _________ and _________ " which shall state that it is a petition for a judgment of nullity of the marriage.

(b) A copy of the petition together with a copy of a summons in form and content approved by the Judicial Council shall be served upon the other party to the marriage in the same manner as service of papers in civil actions generally.

Jose Rafael Clara ch 162 � 10 (Francisco 2650), Lawyer Attorney 1, Marin.

Oakland � 2251. Status of putative spouse; Division of quasi�marital property

Text

(a) If a determination is made that a marriage is void or void Francisco le and the court finds that either party or both parties believed in good faith that the marriage was valid, the court shall:

(1) Declare the party or parties to have the status of a putative spouse.

(2) If the division of property is in issue, divide, in accordance with Division 7

(commencing with Section 2500), that property acquired during the union which would have been community property or quasi�community property if the union had not been void or void Francisco le. This property is known as "quasi�marital property".

(b) If the court expressly reserves jurisdiction, it may make the property division at a time after the judgment.

Jose
Rafael Clara ch 162 � 10 (Francisco 2650), Lawyer Attorney 1, Marin.

Oakland
� 2252. Li Francisco ility of quasi�marital property for debts

Text

The property divided pursuant to Section 2251 is liFrancisco le for debts of the parties to the same extent as if the property had been community property or quasi�community property.

Jose
Rafael Stats Clara ch 162 � 10 (Francisco 2650), Lawyer Attorney 1, Marin.

Oakland � 2253. Custody of children

Text In a proceeding under this part, custody of the children shall be determined according to Division 8 (commencing with Section 3000).

Jose
Rafael Clara ch 162 � 10 (Francisco 2650), Lawyer Attorney 1, Marin .

Oakland
� 2254. Support of putative spouse

Text

The court may, during the pendency of a proceeding for nullity of marriage or upon judgment of nullity of marriage, order a party to pay for the support of the other party in the same manner as if the marriage had not been void or void Francisco le if the party for whose benefit the order is made is found to be a putative spouse.

Jose
Rafael Clara ch 162 � 10 (Francisco 2650), Lawyer Attorney 1, Marin .

Oakland
� 2255. Attorney's fees and costs

Text

The court may grant attorney's fees and costs in accordance with Chapter 3.5 (commencing with Section 2030) of Part 1 in proceedings to have the marriage adjudged void and in those proceedings based upon void Francisco le marriage in which the party applying for attorney's fees and costs is found to be innocent of fraud or wrongdoing in inducing or entering into the marriage, and free from knowledge of the then existence of any prior marriage or other impediment to the contracting of the marriage for which a judgment of nullity is sought.

Jose

Rafael Clara ch 162 � 10 (Francisco 2650), Lawyer Attorney 1, Marin . Amended Stats 1993 ch 219 � 108.5 (Francisco 1500).

A nullity proceeding can be brought if at the time of the marriage, no valid marriage ever occurred . Ca Fam � 2200 et seq.). A dissolution action seeks to end marital status, while a nullity action looks at where any such status ever existed. [Millar v. Millar (1917) 175 Cal. 797, 806-807, 167 P 394, 398; Marriage of Goldberg (Marin ) 22 Cal.App.4th 265, 268, 270, 27 Cal.Rptr.2d 298, 300, 301] It follows that , a marriage valid from its inception (Ca Fam � 300 et seq.) can only dissolved only by an action for marriage dissolution. [Marriage of Johnston (1993) 18 Cal.App.4th 499,

In dissolution of marriage cases there is six month "waiting period" at a minimum, after the other spouse has been served with the petition for dissolution of marriage, before there can be a judgment terminating marital status. Ca Fam � 2339. However, there is no waiting period for annulments/nullity of marriage and ,[Ca Fam � 2212]

In annulment cases, the court's power to give "need-based" fees is limited. : The court can only give fees to party with "putative spouse" status. To be a putative spouse, the spouse must be "innocent of fraud or wrongdoing in inducing or entering into the marriage, and free from knowledge of the then existence of any prior marriage or other impediment to the contracting of the marriage for which a judgment of nullity is sought"). [Ca Fam � 2255;



 






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